Effectively repels by taste, scent, and touch. Repels armadillos, birds, cats, chipmunks, deer, dogs, groundhogs, rabbits, raccoons, shrews, skunks, squirrels, moles, porcupines, and voles. Dries odorless to humans and is safe for use around people, pets, and plants. OMRI (Organic Materials Review Institute) listed and compliant for organic gardening. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) registered and 3rd party tested to be effective on nuisance animals. All natural active ingredient, black pepper oil. Ideal for landscaped areas, lawns, and gardens, ornamentals, garbage cans, and bird feeders.